country                                                                              Pakistan
Province                                                        Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Area                                                           2,545 km2 (982.6 sq mi)
 Population                                                                             1000000
Time zone                                                                   PST (UTC+5)
Total Area                                                   2545 square kilometres.
 - MNA (NA-14) Pir Dilawar Shah
 - MPA (PK-37 Kohat-1) Amjid khan Afridi
 - MPA (PK-39 Kohat-3) Iqbal Din
 - MPA (PK-38 Kohat-2) Qalb-e-Hassan

Word Kohat
This name  is a combination of two words, "Koh and Hat" meaning mountain market i.e. a bazar situated in the mountain, although that is disputed as Koh, meaning 'hill' is Persian and Hat (pronounced as 'Hut' is a Sanskrit word. Words from these two languages are rarely combined to form one word.
Kohat (Pashto: کوهاټ) is a medium sized town in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is located at 33°35'13N 71°26'29E with an altitude of 489 metres (1607 feet)[1] and is the capital of Kohat District. The town centres around a British-era fort, various bazaars, and a military cantonment. A British-built narrow gauge railway runs through the town. Kohat Pass is to the north.

                                Ancient history

The early history of the district is limited to the vaguest traditions. It is said that in the Buddhist times, two Rajas named Adh and Kohat settled along with the northern border of the district. Raja Kohat gave his name to the town of Kohat, and Raja Adh to the ruins of an old fort on the hill side north of the Muhammadzai, a village four miles to the west of Kohat.

Kohat Bangash attacked by Babur

He then narrates that in the year AD 1505, when at Peshawar he was induced by Baki Cheghaniani to visit Kohat on the false hope of obtaining rich booty Babar had never heard even the name of Kohat He reached the town through the Kohat pass in two marches and fell on it in luncheon time. After plundering it he sent foraging parties as far as Indus. Bullocks buffaloes and grain wee the only plunder. He released his Afghan prisoners. After two days he marched up the valley towards "Bangash". when he reached a narrow part of the valley, the hillmen of Kohat and that quarter crowded the hills on both flanks, raised the war shout and made a loud clamour. At last they foolishly occupied a detached hill. Now was Babar's opportunity. He sent a force to cut them off from the hills. About a hundred and fifty were killed . Many prisoners were taken. These put grass in their mouths in token of submission, being as much as to say "I am your ox", a custom which Babar first noticed here. Notwithstanding he had them beheaded at once. A minaret of their heads was erected at the next camping place. The next day he reached Hangu. Here again he met with resistance. The Afghans held a fortified Sangar, which was stormed by Babur's troops, who cut off the heads of one or two hundred of them for another minaret.

Sikh and British rule

In the beginning of 19th century Kohat came under the control of Sikhs, Ranjit Singh first marched to Peshawar was 1819. The Sikhs possessed almost no control over the territories beyond the Jhelum, which were captured as a direct result of British financing at a time when the Pashtuns were locked in civil war. The Sikhs lost thousands in their futile campaigns in the north west and whatever minimal gains they had made was directly due to British influence who subsequently took over day to day affairs and annexed the territory. Kohat was finally annexed to the British dominion on 28 March 1849 with the rest of Punjab and an Assistant Commissioner was posted here to run the administration and to look after the British interests. In the initial stages of the British administration, the locals of the area posed considerable problems, although some of the tribe later joined with the British Government and helped them in running the area. Nevertheless, the Britishers were never at peace in this part of their Kingdom as resistance and opposition always cropped from one quarter or the other. But their tactics of "Divide and Rule" ultimately strengthened their hold over the region. They put one tribe against the other by giving preference to one against the other and finally succeeded in administration them. An example of unrest against the British empire are the actions of Afridi Ajab Khan, who forced the entire British administration of the district to surrender to his demands.

Ethnicity and tribes

The Pashtuns constitute major ethnic group in Kohat, and a Hindkowan population also exist that is almost 40 per cent of the total population of the district. The word Kohat is a Hindko word which means the market or bazaar surrounded by mountains. Kohat is also home to a number of Afghan refugees. The Pashtun tribes which inhabit the city include:
  • Bangash
  • Khattak
  • Orakzai
  • Afridi
  • Niazi (sometimes known as Mians, Syeds or Gillanis)
  • Shinwari
  • Tanoli
  • Durrani
The Hindko speaking tribes and clans include:
  • Kayani
  • Raja
  • Banuri
  • Naqvi
  • Awan
  • Piracha


The population of Kohat district is Muslim, the Sunni predominate and there is also large Shias population settled in the district and they stretch from Chikarkot Bala, Sherkot to Kachai (i.e. southern border of Kohat). Usterzai Payan is the largest village of Shia. According to the Local authorities around 3,300 Shia families live in Kohat district. Chali Bagh, Jauzara, and Kachai(Katsi) are famous for their natural springs. People come here in summer day from far of places. There are some Christian families, which settled during the British colonial rule, Cantonment Board and defence services also reside in Kohat city and Cantonment area. Some scattered families of Hindus also reside in Kohat, Kachai and Marai while a good numbers of Balmiks are employed in various local bodies. These sects are enjoying full religious freedom


Location of Kohat
In Buddhist times, two Rajas namely Adh and Kohat settled along the northern border of the district. Raja Kohat gave his name to the town of Kohat and Raja Adh to the fort, the ruins of which are found on the hill side north of Muhammadzai, a village 6 kilometres to the west of Kohat. Another version about this name is that it is a combination of two words, "Koh and Hat" meaning mountain market i.e. a bazar situated in the mountain, although that is disputed as Koh, meaning 'hill' is Persian and Hat (pronounced as 'Hut' is a Sanskrit word. Words from these two languages are rarely combined to form one word.
The total area of the district is 2545 square kilometres.


The topography of the district is dominated by the mountains and hills. In the northwest of the district the important ranges include lower Miranzai and Bangash, which run in an eastwest direction. Further in the south is Kamar -Tanda. The height of these ranges varies from 650 to 1000 meters above the sea level. In the northeast the Sowaki and Adan Khel hills run in a southwest -northeast direction. These hills gradually rise in the extreme northeastern part of the district. The intervening open valleys between the hills are seldom more than eight kilometres in width. The Kohat valley is most important agriculturally rich area. Generally, the district is elevated and the ranges attain only inconsiderable heights above the plain area. The headquarter town of Kohat is more than 550 meters above the sea level.

Rivers and streams

The river Indus forms the eastern boundary of the district, which separates it from the province of Punjab. Kohat Toi is a principal stream, which enters from Hangu district and flowing to east and southeast, drains into river Indus. The river has a small perennial flow, which disappears before it reaches the town of Kohat, it reappears again at some distance down stream and then flows continuously to the Indus. The Kohat Toi has several small torrents or tributaries, which join it at different places. Another, stream Teri Toi, which flows from west to east, in the southern half of the district, joins the river Indus. The river has little or no perennial flow.


There are several school and colleges both under private and public sector. Below is the list of most famous educational institutions in Kohat

Private Sector  Public Sector
Iqra Public School Kohat  Govt High School No.1 for Boys
Beacon Public School Kohat  Govt High School No.2 for Boys
Indus Public High School  Govt High School No.3 for Boys
The Knowledge Home  Govt High School No.4 for Boys
Imran Public High School  Govt High School No.5 for Boys
Frobel Grammar School  Govt High School No.1 for Girls
Tarbiat Foundation Academy Kohat Govt College of Managment sciences of commerce
Islamia Higher Secondary School No.2 for Girls
St. Joseph Covent High School Kohat  Fauji Foundation Model Schools Kohat
City School, Kohat  Cadet College Kohat
Eductors School Kda Kohat  Fazaia Inter College Kohat
Preston University, Kohat  F.G Public High School Kohat Cantt
Al-Asar Academy Usterzai Payan Kohat  Army Public School & College Kohat

 Govt Post Graduate College Kohat (Men)

 Govt Post Graduate College # 2 Kohat (Men)

 Govt Post Graduate College Kohat (Women)

 Govt Commerce College Kohat

 Govt Poly Technic Institute Kohat

 Kohat University of Science & Technology

 Virtual University of Pakistan


Radio Pakistan Kohat
Radio KUST
Weekly uqaab
Daily Taseer
Weekly Hamdam
Weekly Sharar
Weekly Dastak
Weekly Tehqeeq
Nayab (literary magazine)
Weekly Kohatnews,
Monthly Haqaiq Kohat.
Monthly Kohat on Line


    List of airports in Pakistan, Kohat Airbase.
    Much of the transport is privately operated within the city limits. There are also many buses that pass through the city via the Indus Highway. Most going to Peshawar and running between Bannu, D.I. Khan, Islamabad and rest of Pakistan. The railway line is operated between Kohat and Rawalpindi only.
    There is a total of 372 kilometres of metalled roads in the district. Indus Highway passes through the district. Some of the main roads include (i) Kohat Khushal Garh road (ii) Kohat Hangu road (iii) Kohat Dhoda Guddi road (iv) Jata Shakardara road (v) Kohat Tunnel Road (All Traffic From Pukhtonkhwa to Sind goes through this road..

    Kohat Tunnel

    Due to demand from the people for a tunnel at the Kotal hills, the Government has recently sanctioned a huge amount for this project, benefiting all the southern districts. Tunnel was completed in 2004. The following are some salient features of the project.
    • Total project cost: 6626.75 millions
    • Total length of approached road: 29.8 kilometres
    • Length of north section: 7.7 kilometres
    • Length of south section: 22.20 kilometres
    • Length of tunnel: 1.89 kilometres
    • Width of tunnel: 10.3 meters
    • Black topped: 7.3 meters
    • Shoulders: 3.0 meters
    • Time of completion: 48 mon

      Places of interest

      • Astana Aliya Hazrat khawaja Zinda Pir Ghamkol sharif,
      • Kotal and Kohat Pass,
      • Masjid Haji Bahadur,
      • The Bridge of Khushal Garh,
      • The remnants of the Durranis at Shahpur,
      • Kohat Fort,
      • Kohat University of science and Technology
      • Kohat Board,
      • Kohat Tunnel,
      • Kohat Cantonment,
      • Kotal Town (KDA), Usterzai Payan, Sherkot,Chiker-kot-Bal
      • Tanda Dam
      • KUST Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS)
      • Dhoda Golf Club (With Park & Zoo)
      • KDA Park
      • Gandiyali Dam
      • Bona Sharif
      • Kandar Dam
      • Kohat Chashma (chenno)
      • Bado Ziarat
      • Company Bagh 
      • Bthah chachma
      • Jabe chashma
      • Jawzara at hangu road kohat
      • Chele Bagh
      • RAZA Mansion Usterzai Payan,
      • Library of Kohat.etc
      • Judiciary: Muhammad Rustum Kiani, Qazi Hamid-ud-Din,Syed Ibn-e-Ali, Ghayoor Ali Shah of Jarma
      • Poetry: Qasim Ali Afridi, Ahmad Faraz, Dr. Iqbal Fana, Saadullah Khan Hairan, Badshah Khan(Lachi), Ayyub Sabir, Aslam Faizi, Shujaat Ali Rahi, Anjum yousofzai, Sooraj Narain, Shahid Zaman, Syed Muhammed Akber (chikerkotBala), Arshad Naeem Qurashi, Arif Bokhari,S.Aqeeq Hussain,Haroon Adeel, Munir Qasim
      • Prose: Abdus-Samad Khan, Ahmad Paracha
      • Short Story & Novel: Shoaib Qureshi, Qayyum Marwat, Shujaat Ali Rahi,Arsshad naeem Qureshi,Masoom Shah saqib
      • Education: Dr Zulfiqar Gillani,Imtiaz Hussain Gillani, Pareeeshan Khattak, Azmat Ali Shah Banuri ,Dr Sher Ali Shinwari, Zabta Khan Shinwari,(Late)Syed Alam Shah,Syed Munawar Ali Shah Banuri.
      • Painting: Liaqat Ali Khan, Jacob Joseph
      • Journalism: Ghulam Haider Akhtar, Khair Muhammad Jalali; Khan Gul,Abdul Samad, Qazi Fitrat,Zulfiqar Shah,Fazal Mehmood Ain,(Late)Syed Askar Ali Shah.
      • Oratory: Professor Muhammad Iqbal, Syed Siraj hussain (alizai), Hafiz Qari abdul Jaleel
      • Religion: Haji Bahadur, Mian Fateh Shah (Sherkot), Syed Akber Shah (chikerkotBala), Pir Mir Alam Shah,(Late)Col: Sultan Ali Shah, Syed Asgher Shah Al-Hussaini,Syed Muhammed Akber (chikerkotBala)
      • Doctors: Maj Gen Dr Ashoor Khan, Maj Gen Shoaib, Dr. Alludin Khan Durrani ( Dermatologist- Germany),Dr Kiramat Ali Shah,Dr Rahim Gul(Late-Surgeon), Ghulam Ali Shah aka. Dr.Shah of Chikarkot.Dr. Kifayat ullah Mufti(late)
      • Football: Kala Shah Kakoo; Sheedo, Sharifullah Gullu
      • Politics:Nawabzada Azmat Ali Khan, Nawabzada Mohabbat Ali Zaffar, Haji Nadir Shah afridi,Dr.Iqbal Fana, Saifullah Khan Khattak advocate, Iftikhar Gilani, Masood Kausar, Pir Dilawar Shah,
      Malik Muhammad Asad Khan, Malik Muhammad Ahmad Khan, Malik Amjad Afridi, Qalb-e-Hassan. District Nazim: Saith Gohar Saifullah Bangash,
      • Governors: Lt Gen (R) Iftikhar Husain Shah, Lt Gen (R) Shafeeq
      • Civil Service: Khalid Mansoor(Late), Tariq Mansoor Jalali(Late, Malik Muhammad Saad Khan (Shaheed), Syed Mateeullah Shah Banuri (Late), Syed Asmat Ali Shah Banuri (R), Kamal Shah, Israr Khan Shinwari, Ahmad Nawaz Shinwari,Masood Ahmed Paracha
      • Politics: Syed Iftikhar Gillani, Javed Ahmad Paracha, Syed Masood Kausar, Syed Sana ullah Shah Banuri, Nadir Khan Afridi,Syed Ibn-e-Ali
      • Landlords:Ghulam Haider Khan Kayani, Sheikh Raza Muhammad Ali Khan Bangash
      • Police Service: Malik Naveed IG, Masood Paracha IG,Malik Saad DIG(Late),Muhammad Aslam Bangash IG, Qazi Inaam Khan(SP), Syed Askar Ali Shah(IB), DSP Lal Fareed kKhan Khattak,
      Armed Forces: Late CMDR: Shujaat Ali Shah,Late Maj.Gen. Shaukat Ali Shah, Late Maj.Gen. Sadaqat Ali Shah,Late.Late Lt.Col Syed Chiragh Shah,Late Major Adnan Shah, Late Major Muhammad Akram Khan,Lt.Col Syed Lal Badshah Shah,Col: Hamid Ali Shah. Maj Fahad Siraj,Capt Saddam Siraj
      Broadcasters:Mohammad Siddiq Paracha, Zahir Shah Afridi.

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